Bologna Process

The Bologna Process is the process of creating the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) based on international cooperation and academic exchange.

The envisaged European Higher Education Area will:

  • facilitate mobility of students, graduates and higher education staff.
  • prepare students for their future careers and for life as active citizens in democratic societies, and support their personal development.
  • offer broad access to high-quality higher education, based on democratic principles and academic freedom.

The main priorities for reforms are:

  • Easily readable and comparable degrees organised in a three-cycle structure (e.g. bachelor-master-doctorate) and national qualifications frameworks compatible with the overarching framework of qualifications for the European Higher Education
  • Quality assurance in accordance with the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area (ESG).
  • Fair recognition of foreign degrees and other higher education qualifications in accordance with the Council of Europe/UNESCO Recognition Convention.

The Bologna Process is named after the Bologna Declaration, which was signed in the Italian city of Bologna on 19 June 1999 by ministers in charge of higher education from 29 European countries. Today the Process unites 48 countries committed to the goals of the EHEA.

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